Archiv der Kategorie: Historic Highways

Historic Highways of America: Volume 12: Pioneer Roads and Experiences of Travelers (II)

Historic Highways of America: Volume 12: Pioneer Roads and Experiences of Travelers (II) – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

The little portage pathways which connected the heads of our rivers and lakes or offered the voyageur a thoroughfare around the cataracts and rapids of our rivers were, as the subtitle of this volume suggests, the “ Keys of the Continent “ two centuries or so ago. The forts, chapels, trading stations, treaty houses, council fires, boundary stones, camp grounds, and villages located at these strategic points all prove this. The study of these routes brings one at once face to face with old-time problems from a point of view almost never otherwise gained. The newness and value of reviewing historic movements from the standpoint of highways is strikingly emphasized in the case of portage paths. While studying them, one seems to rise on heights of ground like those these pathways spanned — and from that altitude, gazing backward, to get a better perspective of the military and social movements which made these little roads historic. Read more/Mehr lesen...

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Historic Highways of America: Volume 11: Pioneer Roads and Experiences of Travelers (I)

Historic Highways of America: Volume 11: Pioneer Roads and Experiences of Travelers (I) – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

The first chapter of this volume presents an introduction to the two volumes of this series devoted to Pioneer Roads and Experiences of Travelers. The evolution of American highways from Indian trail to macadamized road is described; the Lancaster Turnpike, the first macadamized road in the United States, being taken as typical of roads of the latter sort. An experience of a noted traveler, Francis Baily, the eminent British astronomer, is presented in chapter two. The third chapter is devoted to the story of Zane’s Trace from Virginia to Kentucky across Ohio, and its terminal, the famous Maysville Pike. It was this highway which precipitated President Jackson’s veto of the Internal Improvement Bill of 1830, one of the epoch-making vetoes in our economic history. The last chapter is the vivid picture of Kentucky travel drawn by Judge James Hall in his description of “The Emigrants,” in Legends of the West. Read more/Mehr lesen...

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Historic Highways of America: Volume 10: The Cumberland Road

Historic Highways of America: Volume 10: The Cumberland Road – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

When this West was in its teens and began suddenly outstripping itself, to the marvel of the world, one of the momentous factors in its progress was the building of a great national road, from the Potomac River to the Mississippi River, by the United States Government—a highway seven hundred miles in length, at a cost of seven millions of treasure. This ribbon of road, winding its way through Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, toward the Mississippi, was one of the most important steps in that movement of national expansion which followed the conquest of the West. Read more/Mehr lesen...

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Historic Highways of America: Volume 9: Waterways of Westward Expansion

Historic Highways of America: Volume 9: Waterways of Westward Expansion – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

In the study of Waterways of Westward Expansion, the Ohio River — the “ Gateway of the West “ — occupies such a commanding position that it must be considered most important and most typical. Such is its situation in our geography and history that it is entitled to a most prominent place among Historic Highways of America which greatly influenced the early westward extension of the borders and the people of the United States. Not until a late period in the expansion era — the day of steam navigation — did the Great Lakes rise to importance as highways of immigration, and south of the Ohio River Basin there was no westward waterway of importance. The day of the keel-boat and barge was of moment in the broadening of the American sphere of influence on this continent, and nowhere is the study of these ancient craft made to so good advantage as on the Ohio and its tributaries. Read more/Mehr lesen...

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Historic Highways of America: Volume 8: Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin

Historic Highways of America: Volume 8: Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

This volume treats of five of the early campaigns in the portion of America known as the Mississippi Basin — Clark’s campaigns against Kaskaskia and Vincennes in 1778 and 1779; and Harmar’s, St. Clair’s, and Wayne’s campaigns against the northwestern Indians in 1790, 1791, and 1793-94. Read more/Mehr lesen...

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Historic Highways of America: Volume 7: Portage Paths – The Key to the Continent

Historic Highways of America: Volume 7: Portage Paths – The Key to the Continent – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

The little portage pathways which connected the heads of our rivers and lakes or offered the voyageur a thoroughfare around the cataracts and rapids of our rivers were, as the subtitle of this volume suggests, the “ Keys of the Continent “ two centuries or so ago. The forts, chapels, trading stations, treaty houses, council fires, boundary stones, camp grounds, and villages located at these strategic points all prove this. The study of these routes brings one at once face to face with old-time problems from a point of view almost never otherwise gained. The newness and value of reviewing historic movements from the standpoint of highways is strikingly emphasized in the case of portage paths. While studying them, one seems to rise on heights of ground like those these pathways spanned — and from that altitude, gazing backward, to get a better perspective of the military and social movements which made these little roads historic. Read more/Mehr lesen...

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Historic Highways of America: Volume 6: Boone’s Wilderness Road

Historic Highways of America: Volume 6: Boone’s Wilderness Road – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

One roadway — the Wilderness Road to Kentucky from Virginia and Tennessee, the longest, blackest, hardest road of pioneer days in America — holds the old-time name with undiminished loyalty and is true today to every gloomy description and vile epithet that was ever written or spoken of it. It was broken open for white man’s use by Daniel Boone from the Watauga settlement on the Holston River, Tennessee, to the mouth of Otter Creek on the Kentucky River in the month preceding the outbreak of open revolution at Lexington and Concord. It was known as “ Boone’s Trail,“ the “ Kentucky Road,“ the “ road to Caintuck,“ or the „Virginia Road,“ but its common name was the “ Wilderness Road.“ A wilderness of laurel thickets lay between the Kentucky settlements and Cumberland Gap and was the most desolate country imaginable. The name was transferred to the road that passed through it. It seems right that the brave frontiersman who opened this route to white men should be remembered by this act; and for a title to this volume “ Boone’s Wilderness Road “ has been selected. Read more/Mehr lesen...

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Historic Highways of America: Volume 5: The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road

Historic Highways of America: Volume 5: The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

Forbes’s road, fortified at Carlisle, Shippensburg, Chambersburg, Loudon, Littleton, Bedford, Ligonier, and Pittsburg became the great military route from the Atlantic seaboard to the trans-Allegheny empire. By it Fort Pitt was relieved during Pontiac’s rebellion and the Ohio Indians were brought to terms. Throughout the Revolutionary War this road was the main thoroughfare over which the western forts received ammunition and supplies. In the dark days of the last decade of the eighteenth century, when the Kentucky and Ohio pioneers were fighting for the foothold they had obtained in the West, this road played a vital part. Read more/Mehr lesen...

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Historic Highways of America: Volume 4: Braddock’s Road (And three relative Papers)

Historic Highways of America: Volume 4: Braddock’s Road (And three relative Papers) – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

The French were invariably defeated by the British on this continent because the latter overcame natural obstacles which the former blindly trusted as insurmountable. The French made a league with the Alleghenies — and Washington and Braddock and Forbes conquered the Alleghenies; the French, later, blindly trusted the crags at Louisbourg and Quebec — and the dauntless Wolfe, in both instances, accomplished the seemingly impossible. The building of Braddock’s Road in 1755 across the Alleghenies was the first significant token in the West of the British grit which finally overcame. Few roads ever cost so much, ever amounted to so little at first, and then finally played so important a part in the development of any continent.
  Read more/Mehr lesen...

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Historic Highways of America: Volume 3: Washington’s Road (Nemacolin’s Path)

Historic Highways of America: Volume 3: Washington’s Road (Nemacolin’s Path) – Archer Butler Hulbert.

A series of monographs on the History of America as portrayed in the evolution of its Highways of War, Commerce, and Social Expansion. Comprising the following volumes:

Paths of the Mound-Building Indians and Great Game Animals.
Indian Thoroughfares.
Washington’s Road: The First Chapter of the Old French War.
Braddock’s Road.
The Old Glade (Forbes’s) Road.
Boone’s Wilderness Road.
Portage Paths: The Keys of the Continent.
Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin.
Waterways of Westward Expansion.
The Cumberland Road.
Pioneer Roads of America (two volumes).
The Great American Canals (two volumes).
The Future of Road-Making in America.

If you journey today from Cumberland, Maryland, on the Potomac, across the Alleghanies to Pittsburg on the Ohio, you will follow the most historic highway of America, through scenes as memorable as any on our continent. This book is largely devoted to Washington and his times as seen from the standpoint of the road he opened across the Alleghanies in 1754. Read more/Mehr lesen...

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