Archiv der Kategorie: Renaissance

The Fable of the Bees

The Fable of the Bees – Bernard de Mandeville

Mandeville’s philosophy gave great offence at the time, and has always been stigmatized as false, cynical and degrading. His main thesis is that the actions of men cannot be divided into lower and higher. In the Fable he shows a society possessed of all the virtues “blest with content and honesty,” falling into apathy and utterly paralyzed. The absence of self-love is the death of progress. The so-called higher virtues are mere hypocrisy, and arise from the selfish desire to be superior to the brutes. He endeavours to show that all social laws are the crystallized results of selfish aggrandizement and protective alliances among the weak.

The Fable of the Bees

The Fable of the Bees

Format: Paperback.

The Fable of the Bees

ISBN: 9783849685669

Available at amazon.com and other venues.

Biography of Bernard Mandeville (from Wikipedia):

Mandeville was born on 15 November 1670, at Rotterdam in the Netherlands, where his father was a prominent physician. On leaving the Erasmus school at Rotterdam he showed his ability by an Oratio scholastica de medicina (1685), and at Leiden University in 1689 he produced the thesis De brutorum operationibus, in which he advocated the Cartesian theory of automatism among animals. In 1691 he took his medical degree, pronouncing an inaugural disputation, De chylosi vitiata. He moved to England to learn the language, and succeeded so remarkably that many refused to believe he was a foreigner. His father had been banished from Rotterdam in 1693 for involvement in the Costerman tax riots on 5 October 1690; Bernard himself may well have been involved. Read more/Mehr lesen...

Veröffentlicht unter Philosophy & Politics (English), Renaissance | Hinterlasse einen Kommentar

Essential Writings

Essential Writings – Nicholas Barbon

Nicholas Barbon was an English economist, physician, and financial speculator. He is widely conceived as one of the first proponents of the free market. This edition includes his most prominent essays:

An Apology For The Builder
A Discourse Of Trade
A Discourse Concerning
Coining The New Money Lighter

Essential Writings

Essential Writings

Format: Paperback.

Essential Writings

ISBN: 9783849687793

Available at amazon.com and other venues.

Biography of Nicholas Barbon (from Wikipedia):

Nicholas Barbon was the eldest son of Praise-God Barebone (or Barbon), after whom the Barebone’s Parliament of 1653—the predecessor of Oliver Cromwell’s Protectorate—was named. Praise-God’s reputed Christian name was „Unless-Jesus-Christ-Had-Died-For-Thee-Thou-Hadst-Been-Damned“, a variant of his son’s middle name. He became a religious separatist with Millenarianist beliefs, with fervent views in favour of infant baptism in particular.

Nicholas was born in London in either 1637 or 1640. He studied medicine at the Universities of Leiden and Utrecht in the Netherlands, and received his Doctor of Medicine qualification from the latter in 1661. Three years later, he became an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in London. Read more/Mehr lesen...

Veröffentlicht unter Philosophy & Politics (English), Renaissance | Hinterlasse einen Kommentar

On the Law of War and Peace

On the Law of War and Peace – Hugo Grotius

“On The Law of War and Peace” was translated into many languages, and most law schools adopted it as the basis of the right of nations. Princes and statesmen consulted the book, and just as Alexander the Great always had a copy of Homer’s ‘Iliad,’ so the great Gustavus Adolphus always had with him a copy of Grotius’ work, to remind himself that even the most successful general must respect some laws. Grotius’ strength lies in his moderation and in the fact that he quotes copiously from the best authorities to fortify his views .

On the Law of War and Peace

On the Law of War and Peace

Format: Paperback.

On the Law of War and Peace

ISBN: 9783849687786

Available at amazon.com and other venues.

Biography of Hugo Grotius (from Wikipedia):

Hugo Grotius (10 April 1583 – 28 August 1645), also known as Huig de Groot or Hugo de Groot, was a Dutch jurist. Along with the earlier works of Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili, Grotius laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. A teenage intellectual prodigy, he was imprisoned for his involvement in the intra-Calvinist disputes of the Dutch Republic, but escaped hidden in a chest of books. He wrote most of his major works in exile in France. Read more/Mehr lesen...

Veröffentlicht unter Philosophy & Politics (English), Renaissance | Hinterlasse einen Kommentar

The Wisdom of the Ancients

The Wisdom of the Ancients – Sir Francis Bacon

Bacon published this interesting little work in 1609. It contains thirty-one fables abounding with a union of deep thought and poetic beauty. In most fables he explains the common but erroneous supposition that knowledge and the conformity of the will, knowing and acting, are convertible terms.

The Wisdom of the Ancients

The Wisdom of the Ancients

Format: Paperback

The Wisdom of the Ancients.

ISBN: 9783849691844

Available at amazon.com and other venues.

Biography of Francis Bacon (from Wikipedia):

Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, PC KC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution.

Bacon has been called the father of empiricism. His works argued for the possibility of scientific knowledge based only upon inductive reasoning and careful observation of events in nature. Most importantly, he argued this could be achieved by use of a sceptical and methodical approach whereby scientists aim to avoid misleading themselves. While his own practical ideas about such a method, the Baconian method, did not have a long lasting influence, the general idea of the importance and possibility of a sceptical methodology makes Bacon the father of scientific method. This marked a new turn in the rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, the practical details of which are still central in debates about science and methodology today. Read more/Mehr lesen...

Veröffentlicht unter Philosophy & Politics (English), Renaissance | Hinterlasse einen Kommentar

The New Atlantis

The New Atlantis – Sir Francis Bacon

The ‚New Atlantis‘, first published in 1627, but probably written between 1622 and 1624, is a fragmentary sketch of an ideal commonwealth, and in particular of an ideal „palace of invention“ called „Solomon’s House,“—a great establishment of scientific research such as Bacon longed to see founded. The book, which expresses the idealistic spirit of the Renaissance, shows Bacon at his best. The description of Solomon’s house is said to have led to the establishment of the Royal Society. .

The New Atlantis

The New Atlantis

Format: Paperback

The New Atlantis.

ISBN: 9783849691813

Available at amazon.com and other venues.

Biography of Francis Bacon (from Wikipedia):

Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, PC KC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution. Read more/Mehr lesen...

Veröffentlicht unter Philosophy & Politics (English), Renaissance | Hinterlasse einen Kommentar

Essays

Essays – Sir Francis Bacon

Of Bacon’s literary, as distinct from his philosophical and professional, works, far the most popular and important are the ‚Essays.‘ But it may not be superfluous to remark that the ‚Essays‘ are the most original of all Bacon’s works, those which, in detail, he seems to have thought out most completely for himself, apart from books and collections of commonplaces. Though the ‚Essays‘ have the same title as the larger collection of Montaigne, the two works have little in common, except their rare power of exciting interest and the unmistakable mark of genius which is impressed on them both.

Essays

Essays

Format: Paperback

Essays.

ISBN: 9783849692094

Available at amazon.com and other venues.

Biography of Francis Bacon (from Wikipedia):

Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, PC KC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution. Read more/Mehr lesen...

Veröffentlicht unter Philosophy & Politics (English), Renaissance | Hinterlasse einen Kommentar

Novum Organum

Novum Organum – Sir Francis Bacon

The ‚Novum Organum,‘ in the shape in which its author left it, is only a fragment of the larger work which Bacon contemplated under that title, as adequately representing the second part of the ‚Great Instauration.‘ Nevertheless, though only a fragment, the ‚Novum Organum,‘ and especially the first book, is the most carefully written of all Bacon’s philosophical works. Moreover, as describing the new method of which the renovation of knowledge was to be the result, it is the keystone of the entire system.

Novum Organum

Novum Organum

Format: Paperback

Novum Organum.

ISBN: 9783849692087

Available at amazon.com and other venues.

Biography of Francis Bacon (from Wikipedia):

Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, PC KC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution. Read more/Mehr lesen...

Veröffentlicht unter Philosophy & Politics (English), Renaissance | Hinterlasse einen Kommentar

The Advancement of Learning

The Advancement of Learning – Sir Francis Bacon

The Advancement of Learning is a splendid attempt to defend and magnify the pursuit of learning and then to survey the existing state of human knowledge. Part of the argument of the first part has lost its cogency, or even its relevancy, today. But in breadth of view and fertility of suggestion the work is extraordinary. As a statement of intellectual ideals, and a program, or even a prophecy, of their accomplishment, it stands among the most significant productions of the Renaissance

The Advancement of Learning

The Advancement of Learning

The Advancement of Learning.

ISBN: 9783849692070

Available at amazon.com and other venues.

Biography of Francis Bacon (from Wikipedia):

Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, PC KC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution. Read more/Mehr lesen...

Veröffentlicht unter Philosophy & Politics (English), Renaissance | Hinterlasse einen Kommentar